The thoracic cavity is a part of the body that has within itself the lungs, the esophagus, bronchitis and other glands. Cancer in the thoracic cavity is referred to as Thoracic cancer, where the cell genetic material is altered and therefore starts dividing at a high pace and causes risks in the body.
This gives rise to abnormal mass formations in the organs, which restrict bodily functions. Thoracic cancer includes lung cancer, tracheal cancer, Esophageal cancer etc.
Thoracic cancers are treated by top oncologists in the centers for cancer treatment in Bangalore where there are well-equipped facilities that help patients to undergo surgeries, chemo and radiation therapies.
Thoracic cancers include lung cancer which is currently the second most common cancer in men than women. In general, it is by far the most common cancer found in India because of the rising pollution of air, smoking habits in people and exposure to radiation, chemicals and metals.
Types of Thoracic Cancer
The thoracic cavity consists of organs, glands and major types of tissues that line the cavities, which can be attacked by cancerous cells and become cancer. There are five major types of Thoracic cancer that can be found in humans and that are treated in the Institutions for best cancer treatment in Bangalore:
1. Lung Cancer
Lung Cancer is the most common type of Thoracic cancer in the world. This cancer can be of two types – Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer and Small cell lung cancer. The most common of the two is non-small cell lung cancer. Lung cancer is mainly attributed to smoking, which makes for 60% of the cases, rest of the cases are either due to exposure to asbestos, heavy metals, radiation, chemical effluents etc.
2. Tracheal Cancer
Tracheal cancer is found in the trachea of the body. Most commonly, the spread of cancer to this body part is the main reason for tracheal cancer. Cancers of the lungs, breasts and other parts of the chests can spread to the trachea, causing this cancer.
3. Esophageal Cancer
Esophageal cancer is mainly caused due to smoking and exposure to asbestos or other such elements that may damage the lining of the esophagus. It can also be spread from other parts of the body.
Thymoma is the cancer of the Thymus, a small gland that is found inside the thoracic cavity, which may become cancerous due to the constant exposure to the hormones it makes. The thymus is responsible for the creation of the white blood cells and the regulation of lymphatic nodes.
Mesothelioma is the cancer of the lining of the abdominal cavity. This cancer may occur in the pleura or the peritoneum cells of the lining as they proliferate and create small polyps which become cancerous.
Treatment of Thoracic Cancer
Thoracic cancers are treated in the Hospitals of Cancer treatment in Bangalore, where there are many Oncologists who are trained to diagnose and offer treatment for thoracic cancers. The most common treatment is to identify any mass formations such as polyps or tumors and remove them using surgery.
After this, chemotherapy or radiation therapy is offered to the patient based on the spread of the cancerous cells. Other treatments such as targeted treatment, immunotherapy, etc., may be offered based on the condition of the patient and the level of improvement post the surgery.